Node.js vs. PHP: Which Environment To Choose For Your Project?

Node.js is a platform build on Chromes javascript runtime for easily building fast and scalable network applications. It uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices. It is not a language, but a runtime environment that uses JavaScript for the server-side application development.

PHP is a server-side script language use to develop Static websites or Dynamic websites or Web applications stands for Hypertext Pre-processor, that earlier stood for Personal Home Pages. It was one of the top languages of the Web 1.0 era.

Node.js and PHP are two very popular web development solutions. They both can manage apps of any complexity. Both of them are built around different concepts and architectures. If you are an app owner choosing between these two environments, you should be aware of their major advantages and limitations.

Node.js Pros

Node.js can provide the fast server-side solution. Using JavaScript built-in asynchronous processing, one can create highly scalable server-side solutions that maximize the usage of a single CPU and computer memory while servicing more concurrent requests than conventional multithreaded servers. This functionality makes Node.js a great fit for asynchronous

Node.js comes with few hard dependencies, rules, and guidelines. Due to this, it leaves the room for freedom and creativity in developing your desired applications. Being an unopinionated framework, Node.js does not impose strict conventions allowing developers to select the best architecture, design patterns, modules and features for your next project.

PHP Pros

PHP has a powerful code base that includes popular platforms for building websites like WordPress. Not only this but also web development framework like laravel that enable Rapid Application Development. By using WordPress it makes easy to deploy a blog or an e-commerce site in a matter of minutes. Also, there are numerous PHP applications offer by hosting platforms such as the cPanel which can install in one click. A breadth of open-source solutions written in PHP and a strong community behind them means everything you need for your application development is at your fingertips. It is a highly portable application development solution. It can run on almost any server like Apache. Not only server but it can run in every platform (like Windows, Linux). This means your one code can run it anywhere.

Node.js Cons

Node.js is less efficient in handling CPU-intensive applications. Since it is a single-threaded it cannot handle CPU intensive operations. Like generating or editing graphics, audio, and video as in managing concurrent requests. When it processes large file it might become unresponsive and sluggish.

PHP Cons

As we know PHP follows the classical client-server model which is outdated. In this model, every page request initiates the application, database connection, configuration parameters, and HTML rendering. SO that’s why it becomes slow as compare to Node.js. Node.js is more suitable for state-of-the-art HTML5 features, AJAX and WebSockets. The problem may handle in PHP via Memcached; however, this is not a standard feature of the PHP language.

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